How Can GIS Help to Tackle Climate Change
A geographic information system plays an integral role in capturing; checking, storing and displaying data related to positions on the earth surface, GIS techniques is useful in understanding environment and monitoring climate change and also in prediction of disaster risks. While making the climate change detection through GIS techniques skillful expertise is required.
The harmful green house emissions which results from human activities have led to a tremendous increase in temperature. Our ecosystem is being hampered because of the climate change due to the emission of harmful effluents; it would cause disastrous harm to living creatures on long term.
GIS enables a researcher to store ample of information about any particular ecosystem and about its vulnerability and also helps the scientist to figure out vulnerable hot spots. On the basis of insights researchers prove the vulnerability of a specific geographical area.
The GIS technology has proved to be helpful for the understanding of environment, strategic decision making and allows the people to see the world in a different way by mapping the position density of people and objects.
GIS saves cost and provides greater efficacy and helps in better geographic information record keeping, many organizations are using GIS to make maps that communicate and analyze complex problems around the world. In order to understand global scale earth system and taking strategic decisions for the identification of current and future risks, it aids for the design and implementation of adaption measures. Geographic information understands all sorts of climatic complex issues and offer required solutions.
GIS technology helps in the application of geographic sciencewith tools for the better understanding and collaboration. It also aids peoplein order to achieve a common goa that is to gain actionable intelligence from all types of data. It integrates many different kinds of data layers using spatial location. Most of the data has a geographic component which includes imagery, features, and basemaps linked to spreadsheets and tables. GIS technology is an integral part of spatial data infrastructure which has been defined by the White House as “the technology, policies, standards, human resources, and related activities necessary to acquire, process, distribute, use, maintain, and preserve spatial data.”
GIS can also be useful as it can take help of any information that includes location. The location can be expressed in many different ways, such as latitude and longitude, address, or ZIP code.
Many different sort of information can be compared and contrasted using GIS. The system can include data about people, such as population, income, or education level. It can include information about the landscape, such as the location of streams, different kinds of vegetation, and different kinds of soil. It can include information about the sites of factories, farms, and schools, or storm drains, roads, and electric power lines.
With the help of GIS technology, people can easily compare the locations of different things in order to discover how they relate to each other. As by using GIS, a single map could include sites that produce pollution, such as factories, and sites that are sensitive to pollution, such as wetlands and rivers. Such a map would help people determine where water supplies are most at risk.